How To Treat A Respiratory Infection The Old Fashioned Way Home Care for Bed Bound Patients

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Home Care for Bed Bound Patients

To witness a family member or loved one tied to a bed is an emotional experience. Not being able to do much to alleviate their suffering and provide the best care makes the feeling worse. This article seeks to provide some solutions and insights for bed care staff in the context of home care.

Bedridden patients face a wide range of problems, from labor aids, mental illnesses such as depression, basic hygiene, bed sores, to chronic illnesses such as high blood pressure. On this list, labor issues usually rank highest.

Most bedridden patients in Singapore stay at home and are cared for by family members. Over time, this can lead to fatigue for family members, and understanding home care will be of great help to families as well as patients.

Find out why bed

Patients can be bedridden for a variety of reasons. Spinal fractures, paralysis and post-traumatic stress disorder, head injuries, life-threatening causes of old age and stroke are all common conditions that can cause insomnia. Understanding the causes can help prevent problems in the first place, while such patient care adjustments will improve the quality of life of these patients.

Common issues

Nurse Problems

  • Wounds or ulcers: Pressure sores and bed sores, if left unchecked, can cause serious complications over time.

  • Basic hygiene and sanitation. Cleaning the patient’s base, changing diapers regularly, monitoring bowel movements are all important, but the body desperately needs them.

Medical problems

  • Muscle disease. After prolonged inactivity, the muscle loses strength and the muscle weakens, making it a vicious cycle. Patients tied to the bed are increasingly tied to the bed with daily transit.

  • Frequent infections: Because of the sitting / lying posture, the lungs cannot fully inflate, so respiratory infections are common. Due to prolonged use of diapers, the urinary tract can become infected.

  • Mental illness. It is common for bedridden patients to become depressed. Love, care and attention, frequent partnerships and empathy will go a long way in treating these patients.

  • Insomnia. It is not uncommon for patients to have insomnia.

Common problems due to lack of activity:

  • Bedside patients typically report loss of appetite, loss of interest in everything, small and large, and general decline among all functions.

Challenges for caregivers

Caring for bedridden patients is difficult. With the passage of time, the daily grind of patient care tied to the bed will hurt the caregiver.

Improving personal hygiene, administering the right medications, eating the right foods, ensuring regular exercise and providing companionship for bedridden patients are essential.

Beyond the above, turn the bed, tie the patient every 2-4 hours to prevent bed sores, suction and airway cleansing, tube feeding, wound dressings and injuries, urethral care are far more challenging. By the caregiver facing patients with complex medical problems.

Therefore, it is not uncommon for caregivers to feel anxious at certain stages, which can cause a lot of stress to the caregiver. So providing just one extra handful of labor will make a huge difference when it comes to home care.

Risks posed by bedridden patients

Common risks include:

  • The development of bed sores or pressure that worsens if left untreated.

  • Formation of blood clots in the veins of the lower extremities. If these blood clots rupture and get stuck in the heart, lungs or brain, it can cause more complications.

  • Muscle disease.

  • Frequent infections and complications from general inactivity.

On the other hand, please note that bed sores are so high that care is lacking. It usually starts to turn red on the skin, but if left unchecked, the bed sores will penetrate deeper into the skin and can damage the skin to the bone if left untreated.

Do’s and Don’ts

  • Check your skin daily to check for redness of the skin, especially on the bones such as the knees, hips, shoulders, ears, tail and buttocks.

  • If bed soreness is noticed, immediately put on a pillow and seek medical attention if the skin is damaged.

  • Keep skin clean and dry. Wash skin with mild soap and water; Dry pat.

  • Moisturize the skin: Use a lotion to lubricate the skin. Use a powder to dry folds of skin, such as the armpits and under the breasts.

  • Mattresses and linens need to be changed daily. In case of wet bed, change wet floor immediately.

  • Hydrate the patient.

  • Have a balanced diet: A healthy and nutritious diet is very important in boosting a patient’s immunity. Keep a diary to keep track of every meal taken.

  • Exercise the patient: To prevent muscle weakness, exercise should be done while maintaining the patient’s perspective. If the patient can walk a little, help him walk around with ease.

  • Massage: Deep massage can help prevent blood-related complications. Gentle massage is good for sore muscles and prevents bed soreness.

  • Location: Re-place patients every 2 hours. Do not drag the patient; Always lift.

  • Keep the limbs high: The arms and legs should be kept slightly elevated to prevent swelling and improve blood circulation.

What to do in case of bed sores?

Unless experienced or trained, the initial contact of a bed sore should be addressed by a medical professional as much as possible.

However, for the first response, the best treatment for bed sores is to keep them open and reduce the pressure on the bed sore as much as possible.

With sufficient experience with the type of clothing to be used, the caregiver should learn from each session and be familiar with the existing treatments and methods used to clean bed sores.

The best method of treating bed sores is prevention. So regular vigilance is the key.

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