Old Fashioned Easy Cheap Ways To Grow Mushrooms For Eating Is Growing Maize the Priority for a Ugandan Entrepreneur?

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Is Growing Maize the Priority for a Ugandan Entrepreneur?

How important is maize to Uganda?

After 6 years of Ugandan boarding school eating corn as a daily meal (commonly called “posho“), I am not particularly fond of it as a food.

In addition, maize is the most cultivated and commercial crop in Uganda. It is also a basic source of food in institutions such as schools, prisons, military and police. In addition to food for human consumption, the crop is used in animal and poultry feed, as well as a highly selective starch used in the fermentation of local alcoholic beverages.

To emphasize the importance of this crop, the Ugandan government has adopted sugarcane as one of the 10 agricultural crops in the National Rural and Regional Development Strategy.

So with the above in mind, how do you start growing maize and thus help the government in its goal of poverty alleviation?

PROMOTIONS

1. Prices vary

In Uganda, maize is traditionally grown during the rainy seasons of mid-February or March to June, and the second rain from mid-August to December. As a result, total sales and retail prices of grain and flour fluctuate greatly with low prices just after the traditional harvest season and high prices during the “off seasons”. These fluctuating prices are also a result of market volatility in Uganda as farmers often lack information on more reasonable prices.

However, there are two “progressive thinking” solutions for the Ugandan farmer:

a) Market Information Services (MIS). These provide regular information through SMS, radio and their websites. There are also examples that have been installed recently agriculture, agrinet and they fell. They provide wholesale/wholesale prices for Kampala, country markets and in some cases regional markets (like Kenya).

Warehouse receipt system (WRS). Its introduction was pioneered with the support of the World Food Program (WFP) which buys a significant part of the maize in Uganda. This system allows the farmer to take his produce to a designated warehouse where it is dried, threshed, packed and stored. The warehouse receipt they (farmers) receive is proof of storage and it can also be used as security to get a loan (60% of the grain value) from selected banks.

Storing produce by farmers until prices stabilize or when they can find a suitable buyer gives them more control over their produce than when unscrupulous middlemen rule the market.

2. Drought

Climate change has resulted in less than expected rainfall, even in Uganda which traditionally experiences wet and dry seasons.

To counter this, we would recommend that the “advanced thinking” farmer invest in a water tank and a simple mechanical pump system like “amazing pump” which costs about $150.

Another option is to use improved seed varieties. Those who have developed in Uganda like Longe types (Length 1, Length 4, Length 5 and others) are drought resistant species. Various seed companies in Uganda sell them (between Shs. 2000-2500 per kg).

AND NOW PROS

1. Interruption

Maze can be planted with beans. This has various advantages, including increased profitability from the same field and reduced need for fertilizer (as beans naturally fertilize the soil).

However, intercropping should be considered first as crops have different cycles and may have difficulty using mechanized equipment such as tractors.

2. Good return on investment (ROI)

In making my estimate I make the following assumptions:

a) The farmer covers 15 acres (about 6 hectares), irrigation and planting. Length 5 improved seed varieties;

b) The farmer can get a low interest loan (10%) from the cooperative society he belongs to. This loan will finance the purchase of equipment; and

c) The farmer sells maize grain (and not maize flour).

Based on the above, I estimate the Return on Investment (ROI) for this sector as follows:

· Initial capital (A): 34,188,000 Shs

· Earnings (B): Shs. 24,331,975

· Return on capital (A/B): 1.405 years

The last word

My personal aversion to wheat as a food aside, ignoring this important crop would appear to be a very “short-sighted” decision as growing wheat should almost certainly be in the portfolio of any serious Ugandan investor or entrepreneur.

Its diverse use is not only for human consumption, but also for animal feed, making it a very important crop. In addition, there are export prospects through WFP (relief aid) and to our neighbors like Kenya and South Sudan.

In addition, the introduction of the revolutionary deposit receipt system meant that instead of letting the farmer sell when (thus reducing variable prices) it could now be used as security for loans. Lack of credit for agriculture has long been an obstacle to the development of the sector. It seems that wheat contributes to solving this problem.

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