One Major Art Movement That Influenced Fashion In 19Th Century Kantha – A West Bengal Embroidery Art With a Global Appeal

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Kantha – A West Bengal Embroidery Art With a Global Appeal

Kantha – Art form of West Bengal

The East Indian state of West Bengal is known for its rich culture and diversity of diverse folk art. Kantha, an intricate embroidery style is one of the most popular forms of Indian folk art. The rural women of West Bengal mainly make Kantha saris among several other items of daily use and decor. This domestic art has now gained a special place in the field of arts and crafts.

Origin of Kantha

Kantha proudly boasts of its centuries-old origins. Kantha is mentioned in a book called Sri Chaitanya Charitamrita by Krishnadas Kaviraj.. The age of the book is more than five hundred years. Over time, this art form has evolved to cement its place in the lives of Bengalis and spread its appeal to the world.

The Hub of Kantha

This indigenous industry is widely practiced in Bolpur and Shantiniketan, which are 180 kilometers north of West Bengal’s capital, Kolkata. Kantha has gradually become a strong source of income for the natives of this region.

Kantha theme

Kantha is a signature art form of West Bengal. Wearing a Kantha is a work of a woman’s imagination and may sometimes represent some rare moments in her life. Floral designs, birds, animals, scenes from everyday life and occasional events, and geometric patterns are the most common subjects.

Basics of Kantha

Kantha requires only two raw materials, cotton or silk cloth and colored threads. Traditionally, the red, blue and black trim was done on a white background. Gradually, other colors such as yellow and green took place. Simple in design and theme, this traditional art form is mostly made on woven or old clothes, especially old saris and dhotis. Closely stitched colorful stitches create some beautiful Kantha motifs and motifs. The seams give the garment a wrinkled appearance. Her stitching flowed over the border of the fabric.

Types of Kantha

Archilata, Nakshi, Durjani, Sujani, Oaar, and Rumal are some forms of Kantha which are very popular in Bengal and various other parts of the world. Out of these, Nakshi Kantha has gained considerable popularity.

Kantha Handicrafts

Kantha embroidery is used on various items of daily use. Since the 19th century, Kantha has been widely used to prepare light blankets, bed sheets, quilts and bedding for newborns. Today, Kantha has become a major fashion statement. The demand for Kantha embroidered sarees and dupatta men’s kurtas is skyrocketing across the globe.

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